Watch Crown Types, Materials, Purpose, and Maintenance

Watch Crown Types, Functionality, Purpose

In this guide your will get the answers of the following questions.

  • What is watch crown?
  • Watch crown Types
  • How to maintain Watch crown?
  • What is the functionality and purpose of watch crown?

Since the 16th century, when the first portable clock was made, watches have been an essential part of human history. From the spring-driven clocks of the past to today’s smart watches, these devices for telling time have changed a lot.

The crown is the typically circular knob on the side of a watch case that operates the timepiece. In addition to the time and date, it can wind the watch. This piece will examine the many watch crown designs, materials, and maintenance techniques.

How vital are watch parts?

Each watch comprises different parts that work together to ensure it tells the right time, lasts long and looks good. The movement, case, dial, hands, and crown are essential.

How the Watch Crown Works?

The watch crown is an integral part of how the watch works and looks as a whole. Here is a detailed explanation of all the different things the watch crown does:

Choosing the date and time:

The watch’s crown is used mainly for adjusting the time and date. The watch’s hour, minute, and sometimes second hands are adjusted by rotating the crown once the user pulls it out to the “first” or “second” position. Typically, the crown of a watch is twisted counterclockwise to set the date. However, the crown must be removed from some watches and placed uniquely.

Rewinding the watch:

For mechanical watches, the crown winds the mainspring, which stores the energy the watch needs to keep running. In manual-winding watches, the user has to turn the crown occasionally (usually once daily) to wind the mainspring, which keeps the watch accurate. The wrist’s movement incorporates automatic watches; if necessary, the crown can wind the watch by hand.

Creating complications:

In more advanced or complicated watches, the crown can be used to turn on extra features called complications. In addition to telling time, these complications include chronographs (stopwatches), alarms, dual-time displays, and moon phase indicators. Sometimes, the crown may need to be pulled out to a particular spot or turned in a certain way to deal with these problems.

Aesthetical and design reasons:

In addition to being functional, the watch crown can be an attractive part of the watch, adding to its overall design and look. Some crowns have unique shapes, intricate engravings, or decorative elements like precious stones. These design details can improve the watch’s look, making it look more exciting or expensive.

Keeping water resistance: 

Some watches have a crown that helps keep water resistance. Screw-down crowns, for example, need to be tightened against the watch case. That makes a seal that keeps water out of the watch. That is a critical feature for dive watches and other watches for water-based activities.

What are the Watch Crown Types?

There are different kinds of watch crowns, such as push/pull, screw-down, locking, onion, and diamond or jewel-encrusted. Each type is other because of how it works, how it looks, and how well it fits specific watch models and user needs.

 Push-and-pull crown

The most common type of watch crown is a push/pull crown. You can pull them out to change the time and date and push them back in to get back to normal.

 Crown those screws down

Screw-down crowns are made to make watches less likely to get wet because they seal the crown to the watch case. Before you can pull them out to set the time and date, you have to unscrew them.

Crown that locks

Locking crowns have a separate mechanism, like a screw or a lever that keeps the crown in place. That protects the watch from accidental damage or adjustments.

Onion crown

The onion crown is a type of design with a round, bulbous shape. At first, it was meant to make it easier to wind pocket watches while wearing gloves.

 A crown made of diamonds or jewels

These crowns are decorated with diamonds or sapphires, which give the watch a touch of luxury and style.

 Keep an eye on Crown Materials

Materials such as stainless steel, gold, titanium, ceramic, and precious stones are discussed here as potential materials for watch crowns. How long the crown holds up, how it looks, and how much the watch is worth all depend on the material used.

Stainless Steel

Because it is durable, corrosion-resistant, and relatively inexpensive, stainless steel is frequently used for watch crowns.


 Luxury watches generally include gold crowns to give the wearer the impression of wealth and vitality. Both solid gold and gold plating are acceptable for them.


Titanium is a light and strong material, making it an excellent choice for sports or work watches.


People like ceramic crowns because they don’t get scratched easily, and they look modern.

 Stones of great value

Some watch crowns are made with valuable stones like diamonds, rubies, or sapphires, which make the watch look better and increase its value.

How to Change a Watch Crown or Fix It?

Putting on or fixing a watch crown is a delicate job that needs to be done with care. Here’s a detailed explanation of how this process works:

Signs That The Crown Of The Watch Needs To Be Fixed:

Having trouble winding the clock, setting the time and date, or turning on complications are common signs that the watch crown needs to be fixed. Also, a loose, wobbly, or missing crown is a clear sign that it needs to be repaired or replaced.

Do-It-Yourself Vs. Professional Repair:

Decide if you want to try to fix it yourself or if you want to hire a professional. Even though you might want to improve the crown, watch making is specialized. If you don’t know what you’re doing or don’t have the right tools, it’s best to take your watch to a professional watchmaker to keep it from worsening.

How To Take Care Of The Watch Crown?

Follow these maintenance tips to make sure the watch crown lasts a long time and works well:

  •         Wind the watch gently, as too much force could damage the crown or winding stem. Be gentle with the crown when setting the time, date or activating complications.
  •         After making any changes to screw-down crowns, make sure the height is securely screwed in.
  •         Check the crown regularly for signs of wear or damage; if you find any, get help from a professional.
  •         Have a professional watchmaker service your watch every few years to keep the crown and other parts in good shape.

By following these steps and maintenance tips, you can replace or fix a watch crown and ensure it works right for years. Remember that it’s always best to talk to a professional watchmaker if you need clarification on any part of the repair process.


We have discussed the crown’s function, the crown designs and materials, and the importance of reasonable care and maintenance to extend the crown’s life and keep it functioning correctly.

What is watch crown?

The crown is the typically circular knob on the side of a watch case that operates the timepiece. In addition to the time and date, it can wind the watch.

Watch crown Types

Different kinds of watch crowns include push/pull, screw-down, locking, onion, and diamond or jewel-encrusted.

How to maintain Watch crown?

Wind the watch gently, be gentle with the crown when setting time, date or activating complications, ensure screw-down crowns are securely screwed in, check the crown regularly for signs of wear or damage, and have a professional watchmaker service your watch every few years.

What is the functionality and purpose of watch crown?

The watch crown is used for adjusting the time and date, winding the mainspring, creating complications, adding to the watch's overall design and look, and keeping water resistance.

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